Under the influence of Progesterone and Relaxin hormones in pregnancy, the tone of valve between foodpipe and stomach (Gastro-esophageal sphincter) is reduced resulting in regurgitation of acid rich food from stomach to food pipe (Gastro-esophageal reflux disease-GERD).
Also, the intestinal motility is reduced with increased food transit time leading to constipation.
These gastro-intestinal changes along with increasing pressure on stomach and intestines by the distending uterus further worsen the reflux resulting in hyperacidity and heart burn.
The decreased food intake due to hyperacidity, reflux and vomiting can adversely affect the mother and fetus and may even lead to low birth weight babies.
Suggestions to cope up with Hyperacidity!
Take frequent small meals at regular intervals.
Avoid starving for long.
Avoid binge eating.
Avoid oily, spicy, junk food, carbonated drinks.
Avoid over consumption of tea, coffee and choclate drinks.
Avoid smoking and alcohol.
Take simple, light, easily digestible food.
Drink cold milk.
Drink plenty of water in the interval between the meals. But, avoid consuming along with the meals.
Do not talk while eating.
Do not eat late night and avoid immidiately lying down after the meals.
Take enough sleep at night. Lack of sleep can lead to hyperacidity.
Oral iron supplements can lead to gastro enteritis, constipation, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps and hyperacidity. Discuss with your doctor for the option of injectable iron sucrose injections.
Taking iron tablets after meals reduces gastritis.
Do not take any antacids without prescription from your doctor, else it may harm.
The information is shared to create awareness towards Pregnancy and Childcare to reduce maternal and child deaths. Atmost care has been taken by the author to include the verified information from authentic sources. However, kindly discuss the same with your health care provider before implementation.