Nausea & Vomiting in Pregnancy


Most women suffer from nausea and vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy. Often it is relieved by the fourth month. However, some mothers may suffer from it through the pregnancy.
Cause of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy –
The increased production of estrogen, progesterone and relaxin hormone is responsible to cause nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. They stimulate the vomiting center in midbrain, along with relaxation of Gastro-Esophageal sphincter leading to regurgitation of food and nausea and vomiting. Due to increased vascularity, occassionally the vomitus can be blood stained.


Mother Nature has given the power to cause vomiting to these hormones to prevent accidental ingestion of any harmful substance that can harm baby and mother. In multifetal gestation, due to increased production of HCG hormone, the severity of nausea and vomiting can increase.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum-

The higher severity and intensity of vomiting can lead to deficiency of water, essential minerals, nutrients etc. along with weight loss. The main symptoms would be physical weakness,  weight loss more than 5 percent prepregnancy weight, lethargy, concentrated dark coloured urine, average urine output less than 400 ml/day

Tips to reduce nausea


  1. Hunger and starvation leads to more nausea. Hence, as soon as the gets up, she should take few crackers/ toast along with a cup of milk. Frequent small meals reduce the morning sickness.
  2.  It is advisable to avoid stimulating factors that causes nausea & vomiting in pregnancy, like perticular odour or taste,  sight, oily junk food,
  3. Take frquent small meals.
  4. Drink plenty of water in the interval between two meals. But, do not over load yourself with water along with meals.
  5. Avoid outside food, due to the fear of gastrointestinal tract contamination and infections. Always carry your water bottle along with little snacks, so that you can avoid prolonged starvation and food poisoning.
  6. Keep mouth freshners, lollies or lozenges, as they reduces nausea sensation in pregnancy.
  7. If you are unable to do your regular kitchen related activities, don’t hesitate to seek help of other family members.


The information is shared to create awareness towards Pregnancy and Childcare to reduce maternal and child deaths. Atmost care has been taken by the author to include the verified information from authentic sources. However, kindly discuss the same with your health care provider before implementation.